What Is Great Society?

What Was the Nice Society?

The Nice Society was a set of home coverage initiatives, packages, and laws launched within the Sixties within the U.S. These Nice Society packages have been supposed to cut back poverty ranges, cut back racial injustice, cut back crime, and enhance the surroundings. Nice Society insurance policies have been launched by then-President Lyndon B. Johnson between 1964 and 1965.

Johnson first laid out his plan for what he coined a “Nice Society” throughout a speech on the College of Michigan. Johnson vowed that this assortment of packages would result in “an finish to poverty and racial injustice.”

Though Johnson’s insurance policies and packages focused schooling, workforce coaching, healthcare, meals safety, and voting and civil rights, they have been centrist of their strategy.

Key Takeaways

  • The Nice Society was a set of home coverage initiatives designed below President Lyndon B. Johnson.
  • Medicare, Medicaid, the Older Individuals Act, and the Elementary and Secondary Training Act (ESEA) of 1965, all stay in 2021.
  • Training, civil rights, healthcare, and schooling have been 4 necessary objects on Johnson’s agenda.
  • These insurance policies established larger civil and voting rights, larger environmental protections, and elevated assist to public colleges.
  • President Johnson’s initiatives have been similar to President Roosevelt’s New Deal packages.
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Understanding the Nice Society

The initiatives that comprised the Nice Society have been in contrast, of their scope and their intent, to President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal packages, enacted within the U.S. between 1933 and 1939.

The Nice Society is taken into account some of the in depth social reform plans in fashionable historical past. As well as, Johnson’s efforts helped set up larger civil and voting rights, larger environmental protections, and elevated assist to public colleges.

Nice Society Applications


In March 1964, Johnson launched the Workplace of Financial Alternative and the Financial Alternative Act to Congress. Johnson needed to deal with the underprivileged members of the U.S. by making a Job Corps. He additionally requested state and native governments to develop work coaching packages. 

A nationwide work-study program offered funding for 140,000 Individuals to attend school. Different initiatives included group motion packages, government-sponsored packages that educated volunteers to serve poor communities, loans to employers to rent the unemployed, funding for agricultural co-ops, and assist for fogeys re-entering the workforce. 


When Johnson took workplace, many getting old adults and people residing paycheck to paycheck or residing under the federal poverty stage within the U.S. lacked any medical health insurance. When Johnson grew to become the President, the Medicare and Medicaid packages grew to become a part of U.S. regulation.

The Nice Society contributed to a rise in life expectations, from 66.6 years for males and 73.1 for ladies years in 1964 to 73.2 and 79.1 respectively in 2021.

Medicare helped to supply protection for hospital and doctor visits for getting old adults; the Medicaid program helped cowl healthcare prices for these affected by poverty and receiving help from the federal government. 


Venture Head Begin started as an eight-week summer time camp. It was operated by the Workplace of Financial Alternative, and 500,000 youngsters aged from three to 5 acquired preschool schooling.

In 1965, the Elementary and Secondary Training Act was handed, which assured federal funding for schooling in class districts the place nearly all of college students have been residing in low-income households.

Johnson additionally created extra assist for the humanities and humanities by signing the Nationwide Basis on the Arts and Humanities Act in 1965.

Environmental Protections

Numerous environmental initiatives set water high quality requirements and automobile emission requirements. Legal guidelines have been additionally handed to create scenic trails and defend wildlife, rivers, and historic landmarks.

Venture Head Begin, which started below President Johnson, helps youngsters’s progress in a optimistic studying surroundings by way of numerous companies from early improvement instructional improvement to general household well being. In the present day Head Begin packages attain over one million youngsters yearly in america.

Client Safety

The Nice Society established a number of legal guidelines and companies to guard U.S. customers. In 1972, the Client Product Security Fee (CPSC) was shaped to “defend the general public towards unreasonable dangers of accidents and deaths related to shopper merchandise.”

The CPSC creates and enforces requirements, restricts unsafe shopper merchandise, oversees the recall and substitute of merchandise, and offers schooling on shopper security. Most merchandise aside from motor automobiles, meals, medication, alcohol, tobacco, and firearms fall below the jurisdiction of the Client Product Security Fee.

The Nice Society additionally established the Baby Safety Act of 1966 to guard youngsters from harmful toys and merchandise. Below the act, the federal authorities possesses the authority to outline potential hazards and subject warning labels on hazardous toys and home goods.

The Legacy of the Nice Society

Nice Society insurance policies additionally targeted on city renewal. Following World Warfare II, many main cities have been in poor situation, and reasonably priced housing was laborious to seek out, notably for the deprived and underprivileged. The Housing and City Growth Act of 1965 offered federal funds to cities to put money into city improvement that met minimal housing requirements. The Act offered higher entry to residence mortgages and a rent-subsidy program.

Johnson’s Nice Society insurance policies birthed Medicare, Medicaid, the Older Individuals Act, and the Elementary and Secondary Training Act (ESEA) of 1965. All of which stay authorities packages in 2021. As well as, Johnson’s insurance policies helped create the Nationwide Endowment for the Humanities and the Nationwide Endowment for the Arts to assist and fund cultural establishments essential for a wholesome society. These packages fund and assist libraries, public tv and radio, museums, and archives.

The Nice Society packages and insurance policies encourage, educate, and raise Individuals out of poverty a long time after they have been put into place.

Particular Concerns

Johnson’s government-funded packages aimed to cut back poverty and enhance society, and his initiatives elevated schooling ranges and lowered inequality amongst Individuals. Sadly, a few of Johnson’s efforts have been overshadowed by the Vietnam Warfare.

Because the battle waged on, Johnson was compelled to divert funds to advertise schooling and assist underprivileged members of society to the battle that claimed over 58,000 American lives. America’s involvement in Vietnam tarnished Johnson’s repute regardless of his efforts to enhance life for thousands and thousands of Individuals.

What Is the Definition of Nice Society?

The definition of Nice Society harkens to a gaggle of presidency coverage initiatives created within the Sixties by Lyndon B. JOhnson that have been designed to enhance the lives of Individuals.

What Have been Among the Applications of the Nice Society?

Venture Head Begin, the Nationwide Endowment for the Arts, Medicare, and Medicaid, are all packages that have been a part of the Nice Society initiatives.

Who Urged Congress to Move the Civil Rights Act as A part of His Imaginative and prescient for a Nice Society?

Earlier than his premature demise, President John Kennedy requested Congress in 1963 for a complete civil rights invoice. When Lyndon B. Johnson grew to become the president after Kennedy’s demise, he urged Congress to cross the Civil Rights Act as a part of his (and the late Kennedy) imaginative and prescient for a “Nice Society.”