What Are the Biggest Hedge Funds in the World?

Hedge funds are pooled investments that use a wide range of methods in an effort to generate outsized earnings for his or her traders. The hedge fund supervisor decides what to purchase and promote, and there are few restrictions on their selections. Belongings held within the fund can embrace shares, bonds, derivatives, commodities, and currencies, amongst different selections. A fund might be long-only or short-only or use a mix of lengthy and brief methods.

Hedge funds sometimes cost larger charges than conventional mutual funds or exchange-traded funds, and the justification for the upper charges is that hedge funds can typically ship traders strong returns, even in down markets. Managers of the biggest funds earn thousands and thousands of {dollars} per 12 months and, in some instances, billions.

Greater than 15,000 hedge funds function worldwide with roughly $4.5 trillion in mixed property below administration (AUM) as of mid-2022. North America is house to 70% of the world’s funds, with half in New York, California, and Texas.

Listed here are the 5 largest hedge funds in 2022 in line with ADV Rankings.

Key Takeaways

  • Hedge funds use a wide range of lengthy and brief methods throughout many monetary markets.
  • These funds cost larger charges than mutual funds and ETFs due to their potential for larger returns.
  • Managers are paid a share of the fund’s earnings with compensation reaching thousands and thousands—and even billions—per 12 months.
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Bridgewater Associates

Bridgewater, the Connecticut-based fund of Ray Dalio, stays the biggest fund on the earth when it comes to property. Based in 1975, it had $126 billion in property below administration for your entire firm as of June 2020. Bridgewater’s purchasers embrace institutional traders, charitable foundations, college endowments, and pension funds. The corporate employs roughly 1,700 individuals.

Dalio proves that the biggest funds can nonetheless be extremely worthwhile. In accordance with Forbes, his web value was about $18.7 billion as of March 2020. The hedge fund supervisor raked in over $1 billion in compensation in 2018 alone.

Man Group

Headquartered in London, Man Group is the third-largest hedge fund operator with greater than $97 billion of property below administration in March 2022. It supplies a spread of funds to institutional and personal traders. The corporate has places of work all over the world together with in Hong Kong, New York, Tokyo, and Sydney.

James Man based the corporate in 1783 as a sugar cooperative and brokerage agency. With shares listed on the London Inventory Alternate (LSE), it’s the largest publicly-traded hedge fund on the earth. Luke Ellis is Man Group’s chief government officer (CEO).

Renaissance Applied sciences

James Simons, the co-founder of Renaissance Applied sciences, propelled his fund to the second spot on the record. Renaissance is without doubt one of the oldest and hottest quantitative corporations, and its technique has paid off considerably. The agency is headquartered in New York and has roughly $130 billion in AUM. It serves companies, trusts, particular person traders, and monetary establishments.

Renaissance is at the moment run by Peter Brown whereas Simons stays a board member. Simons had a web value of $21.6 billion as of March 2020, in line with Forbes.

Millennium Administration

Based in 1989, Millennium Administration LLC now has about 3,700 staff in New York, Asia, and Europe. In June 2022, the agency had $55 billion in property below administration.

Its founder, Israel Englander, stays its chief government officer. Referred to as Izzy, Forbes estimates his web value at $11.3 billion as of late 2022. The Bloomberg Billionaires Index estimates his web value at $29.3 billion, making him 156th on its record of the world’s 500 richest individuals.


Headquartered in Chicago, Citadel LLC has places of work in Asia and Europe. It had $53 billion in property below administration in June 2022. Based in 1990, founder Kenneth C. Griffin stays the agency’s chief government officer.

The Bloomberg Billionaires Index estimates his web value at $29.3 billion, making him forty second on its record of the world’s 500 richest individuals.

What Is a Hedge Fund?

A hedge fund is a restricted partnership of personal traders. Like a mutual fund, it’s a pool of cash contributed by plenty of traders and managed by skilled fund managers.

Not like the managers of mutual funds, hedge fund managers have extensive latitude within the investments they select.

They have a tendency to take dangers, together with utilizing leverage, which means borrowed cash, to spice up their funding returns. Additionally they could put cash in non-traditional investments, which may imply something from cryptocurrency to gold.

The objective is to beat the returns from extra cautious investments.

Hedge funds are illiquid. That’s, the investor could must decide to conserving cash within the fund for a 12 months or extra. Most impose excessive minimal funding ranges.

How Does a Hedge Fund Make Cash?

Hedge funds cost traders a share of the earnings they earn. Additionally they cost larger charges than conventional funding automobiles. Their charges are based mostly on their property below administration, so the extra money they bring about in from traders the extra they earn.

The usual payment construction known as “2 and 20.” That’s 2% of the fund’s property below administration plus 20% of the earnings on their investments that exceed a set benchmark stage.

How A lot Do You Have to Begin a Hedge Fund

About $5 million of your personal cash and/or different individuals’s cash might be sufficient to get began. You’d have to develop to at the very least $20 million in property below administration to get any discover from traders. Institutional traders like pension funds hardly ever get entangled in hedge funds which have lower than $100 million in property below administration.

The Backside Line

The world’s most profitable hedge funds have an extended observe file of success and are headed by individuals who have earned a fame for producing outsized outcomes for his or her traders.

Nonetheless, hedge funds are thought-about another funding. That is not solely a euphemism for danger, however the danger is unquestionably there. Their managers entice purchasers by having a observe file of profitable investing. That’s, because the nice print all the time says, no assure of future efficiency.