The Most Expensive States to Retire in

Greater than half of all Individuals—56%—are involved that they will not have the ability to obtain a financially safe retirement, in response to a research from the Nationwide Institute on Retirement Safety. The 2022 Anytime Estimate Retirement Funds Survey discovered that monetary stress from the COVID-19 pandemic triggered many Individuals to cease saving for retirement totally. The truth is, solely 63% of adults are saving for retirement—down from a pre-pandemic degree of 93%, and the median quantity Individuals have saved for retirement is simply $71,500. These and a bunch of research and surveys assist what many Individuals already know: The vast majority of us are financially unprepared for retirement.

Many individuals who don’t have the cash to retire at dwelling might search for alternate options. Some folks would possibly contemplate transferring overseas the place there’s a decrease value of residing and entry to inexpensive healthcare.

However the place to go? We checked out information from Bankrate’s “Finest and Worst States to Retire” 2023 listing and mixed this with the state tax burden rating for tax yr 2022 by The Tax Basis, a non-public tax coverage analysis group, to find out which states are the most costly. We took into consideration every state’s cost-of-living rank in addition to its tax-rate rank. We regarded on the 10 worst (i.e., costliest) states in every class, and located six that made high 10 appearances in each classes—making them the priciest locations to retire, total. Here is the roster, beginning with the most costly state.

New York

  • Affordability rank: 42
  • Tax charge rank: 50
  • State particular person earnings tax: 4.0% to 10.9%
  • State gross sales tax: 4.0% (as much as 4.875% complete gross sales tax relying on the municipality)
  • Property/inheritance tax: Sure/No

Though as of 2022 New York does not have the very best value of residing within the U.S., the state’s 15.9% complete tax burden for 2022 is properly above the nationwide common. The truth is, it is the very best within the nation.

The state collected $3,407 per capita in state and native taxes in 2022 (the very best quantity within the nation), and state and native governments collected about $3,180 per capita in property taxes.


  • Affordability rank: 48
  • Tax charge rank: 49
  • State particular person earnings tax: 3.0% to six.99%
  • State gross sales tax: 6.35% (7.75% for sure luxurious objects)
  • Property/inheritance tax: Sure/No

Connecticut is the third costliest state when it comes to value of residing. Its 2022 tax burden of 15.4% ranks the second highest within the nation, and the state collected $2,725 per capita in state and native taxes. Property tax collections quantity to about $3,215 per capita (the third highest within the nation).

Connecticut gives no exemptions or tax credit for many pensions or different retirement earnings—together with Social Safety advantages (except the taxpayers have a federal adjusted gross earnings of lower than $75,000, or lower than $100,000 for married taxpayers submitting collectively). The exceptions are Railroad Retirement advantages and navy pensions, that are each excluded from taxes.


  • Affordability rank: 49
  • Tax charge rank: 46
  • State particular person earnings tax: 1.0% to 13.3%
  • State gross sales tax: 7.25%
  • Property/inheritance tax: No/no

California has the second-highest value of residing and ranks fifth when it comes to tax charges. The person earnings high tax charge of 13.3% is the very best amongst states that impose a person earnings tax. Its 2022 tax burden is 13.5% and the state collected $2,411 per capita in state and native taxes (the fourth on the listing).

State and native governments acquire about $1,840 per individual for property taxes. The state gross sales tax is 7.25% (the very best among the many states talked about right here), and the mixed charge in particular metropolis/county taxing districts could be as excessive as 8.82%. Though Social Safety and Railroad Retirement advantages are exempt from taxes in California, all different sources of retirement earnings are absolutely taxed.

New Jersey

  • Affordability rank: 46
  • Tax charge rank: 45
  • State particular person earnings tax: 1.4% to 10.75%
  • State gross sales tax: 6.625%
  • Property/inheritance tax: No/sure

New Jersey has the fifth highest value of residing and a tax burden of 13.2% as of 2022. The state collected $1,692 per capita in state and native taxes, whereas property tax collections are about $3,513 per individual.

Till 2018, New Jersey imposed each an inheritance tax and an property tax. Whereas shut family members are typically excluded from the inheritance tax, different beneficiaries face tax charges starting from 11% to 16% on inheritances over $500. Since Jan. 1, 2018, the property tax is not imposed for people who died on or after that date.


  • Affordability rank: 45
  • Tax charge rank: 47
  • State particular person earnings tax: 3.35% to eight.75%
  • State gross sales tax: 6.0%
  • Property/inheritance tax: Sure/no

Vermont has the sixth-highest value of residing and the fourth-highest tax charge. Its 2022 tax burden is 13.6%, and it collected $1,312 per capita in state and native taxes (sixteenth within the rank). Property tax collections quantity to about $2,928 per capita (fifth within the rank).

Vermont taxes most retirement earnings at atypical earnings tax charges, together with Social Safety advantages, that are taxed as much as 85% (in sync with the federal charge) of advantages. Railroad Retirement advantages are exempt.


  • Affordability rank: 41
  • Tax charge rank: 41
  • State particular person earnings tax: 5.8% to 7.15%
  • State gross sales tax: 5.5%
  • Property/inheritance tax: Sure/no

Maine is each the tenth costliest state to dwell in and in addition when it comes to its tax charge, with a tax burden of 12.4% as of 2022. The state collected $1,199 per capita in state and native taxes (sixteenth within the rank), whereas property tax collections quantity to $2,772 per capita (sixth within the rank).

Whereas there isn’t any inheritance tax, the property tax charges in Maine vary from 8% to 12%. The tax applies on estates price greater than $6.01 million for tax yr 2022 and people price greater than $6.41 for tax yr 2023. Whereas Maine doesn’t tax Social Safety earnings, different types of retirement earnings are taxed at charges as excessive as 7.15%.

The Backside Line

A number of states have tried to make their tax programs extra interesting to retirees. Maine, for instance, boosted the quantity of pension earnings you possibly can exclude from state taxes, and Nebraska is phasing out taxation of Social Safety earnings. The federal exclusion for property tax is $12.06 million in 2022 and $12.92 million in 2023, and each New York and Maryland are incrementally growing their very own exemptions to match the federal quantity.

Whether or not you’re involved with making your cash last more throughout retirement or leaving extra property to your youngsters, the native value of residing and tax charge could also be an vital consideration throughout retirement. Not that non-financial elements—your pursuits, hobbies, consolation, well being, and proximity to family and friends—aren’t vital when selecting a retirement vacation spot. Simply keep in mind that wherever you retire (be it in place, in one other state, or overseas) can have a substantial affect in your funds, as properly.

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