Tax Deductions That Went Away After the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TJCA) was signed into regulation in 2017. The act almost doubled the usual deduction and eradicated or restricted many itemized deductions. The impact of the tax reform was that many individuals who used to itemize on Schedule A took the usual deduction as a substitute. Beneath is an inventory of exemptions, deductions, and credit that had been eradicated, restricted, lowered, or modified by the passage of the TCJA.


Key Takeaways:

  • The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act eradicated or restricted many deductions, credit, and limits, together with the usual deduction, till Dec. 31, 2025.
  • Private and dependent exemptions are actually out of date, though the Youngster Tax Credit score stays.
  • Eradicated deductions embrace shifting bills and alimony, whereas limits had been positioned on deductions for mortgage curiosity and state and native taxes.
  • Key bills which might be now not deductible embrace these associated to investing, tax preparation, and hobbies.
  • Playing bills are deductible, and the brink for charitable deductions elevated.

Exemptions and Credit

Exemptions and deductions cut back the quantity of taxable revenue you declare in your annual tax return. Tax credit are subtracted from the taxes you owe. All three of those components had been impacted by the TCJA, and every impacts the quantity you pay another way.

For instance, for instance you are a single filer whose taxable revenue is $100,000. This implies you fall into the 24% tax bracket. Utilizing the tax computation worksheet supplied by the Inside Income Service (IRS), you owe $15,009 in taxes.

A $10,000 deduction (or exemption) would scale back your revenue to $90,000, leading to a tax invoice of $12,788. With a tax credit score of $10,000, your AGI would stay at $100,000, however your taxes could be simply $5,009—the quantity you get by subtracting $10,000 from $15,009.

Private Exemptions

The brand new regulation suspended private and dependent exemptions between 2018 and 2025. Although an exemption just isn’t technically a deduction, it features the identical means by permitting you to scale back your taxable revenue by the quantity of the exemption. On this case, say the exemption was $4,050 for your self and for every dependent you declare. Now, it’s zero. Be mindful, although, that although you possibly can’t declare a private or dependent exemption, chances are you’ll be eligible for different tax advantages.

Youngster Tax Credit score

The TCJA doubled the kid tax credit score (CTC) from $1,000 to $2,000 for many who qualify, together with mother and father with greater incomes than prior to now. That restrict was elevated once more for the 2021 tax yr to $3,000 for youngsters ages six by means of 17 and $3,600 for youngsters beneath the age of 5. These reverted again to the unique quantity of $2,000 for 2022 and 2023. Revenue thresholds are $200,000 for single mother and father and $400,000 for these married submitting collectively, whereafter the credit score is lowered.

The kid tax credit score is refundable, which implies that even should you do not owe taxes on account of low revenue, you possibly can nonetheless obtain partial credit score, offering (or rising) a refund. Bear in mind, this can be a tax credit score so this comes instantly off the overall taxes you owe. As well as, a brand new $500 tax credit score is offered for dependents aged 17 and older.

Greater Commonplace Deduction

The TCJA raised the usual deduction for taxpayers. Single filers can declare an ordinary deduction of $12,950 in 2022 and $13,850 in 2023. For married {couples} submitting collectively, the deduction is $25,900 in 2022 and $27,700 in 2023.

The federal revenue tax system and a few states have greater commonplace deductions for people who find themselves at the least 65 years outdated and for people who find themselves blind. Underneath federal tips, if you’re blind or 65 or older and single, your commonplace deduction goes up by $1,750 in 2022 and $1,850 in 2023. If you’re married submitting collectively and one in all you is 65 or older, your commonplace deduction goes up by $1,400 in 2022 and $1,500 in 2023.

No matter your age, chances are you’ll uncover that the brand new commonplace deduction is bigger than the mixed whole of your itemized deductions, even should you deduct mortgage curiosity. What follows is a more in-depth have a look at how Schedule A itemized deductions have modified with the TCJA. In some instances, there are additionally some strategies for what to do as a substitute.


The estimated proportion of filers who took the usual deduction as a substitute of itemizing for the tax yr 2018, the yr the TCJA took impact.

Commuter Tax Advantages

Up to now, your employer might reimburse you as much as $20 a month or $240 yearly for bicycle commuting bills on a tax-free foundation. As well as, your employer might take a deduction for providing the profit. The TCJA suspended that profit for each bike commuters and their employers. It additionally eliminated employer deductions for parking, transit, and carpooling.

Commuting Bills

Commuting bills thought-about “vital for guaranteeing the protection of the worker” will proceed to be deductible by employers, however the TCJA would not spell out which bills qualify, and the IRS has supplied no actual steerage to this point.

Workers proceed to obtain tax-free advantages for parking, transit, and carpooling from their employers. The exclusion quantities are $280 per thirty days for 2022 and $300 in 2023.

Nonetheless, as a result of corporations now not obtain a deduction for providing the profit, most have little incentive to supply it. Your employer also can provide bicycle-commuting advantages in any quantity and this expense is deductible.

Transferring Bills Deduction

Prices related to relocating for a brand new job was deductible on Type 1040 as an above-the-line deduction, which you can subtract out of your gross revenue to calculate your adjusted gross revenue (AGI). Sadly, this now not applies. In actual fact, the gap you progress would not even matter. Transferring bills are merely not deductible. The one exception is if you’re active-duty navy and shifting for a service-related cause. On this case, the deduction nonetheless applies.

Alimony Deduction

Up to now, the particular person making alimony funds acquired an above-the-line deduction, and the particular person receiving the alimony counted the cash as taxable revenue. As of 2019, the paying partner now not receives a deduction and the receiving partner now not declares the funds as taxable revenue for any divorce that occurred after Dec. 31, 2018. Funds initiated earlier than 2019 usually are not affected. Youngster assist funds are additionally nondeductible by the paying partner and tax-free to the recipient.

Reward an IRA

One urged tactic for the paying partner entails giving the receiving partner a lump-sum particular person retirement account (IRA). This successfully offers the paying partner with a deduction as a result of they’re giving freely cash they’d have needed to pay taxes on ultimately.

The receiving partner could be chargeable for taxes upon withdrawal (together with a ten% penalty if cash is withdrawn earlier than age 59½) however would get pleasure from tax-free development till withdrawing funds. The switch of the IRA account is tax-free.

Clearly, this might not be superb if the receiving partner wants cash straight away.

Medical Bills Deduction

The deduction for medical bills stays. You possibly can deduct unreimbursed medical bills that exceed 7.5% of your AGI on Schedule A. The deduction is claimed on Traces 1–4 of Schedule A.

Take into account that the medical expense have to be certified deductible bills. Most beauty surgical procedures don’t qualify.

SALT Taxes Deduction

The Schedule A deduction for state and native taxes (SALT) was limitless. These embrace revenue taxes (or normal gross sales taxes), actual property, and private property taxes. With the passage of the TCJA, the SALT deduction is now restricted to $10,000 ($5,000 if married and submitting individually).

This generally is a actual drawback for folks in states with excessive revenue or property taxes, akin to New York and California.

States Battle Again

Some states had sought to offset the cap by permitting residents to contribute to a state charitable fund in lieu of taxes. The funds might then be deducted as charitable contributions on federal returns. However in June 2019, the Division of Treasury and the IRS issued closing rules curbing the follow.

4 states launched a constitutional separate problem to the SALT cap. These efforts additionally failed when a federal court docket dismissed the lawsuit in September 2019.

New York adopted a workaround referred to as the Employer Compensation Expense Tax, a voluntary employer-side tax designed to create a tax credit score for staff. The transfer takes benefit of the truth that companies don’t have any cap on deducting state and native taxes. For the 2020 tax yr, 311 employers participated in this system.

Connecticut enacted its obligatory Go-By way of Entity Tax Credit score, which creates a tax on pass-through entities whereas additionally offering a tax credit score for the entity’s companions.

Overseas Property Taxes

The TCJA eliminates the deduction for overseas taxes paid on actual property. Beforehand, you can deduct overseas property taxes on Schedule A simply as you possibly can in the US, both for an everyday residence or a second dwelling.

Certified Housing Expense

Overseas property taxes might now be thought-about a deductible certified housing expense on Type 2555, Overseas Earned Revenue, for functions of the overseas housing exclusion for sure U.S. residents or residents who dwell outdoors the US and earn wages overseas. Certified housing bills embrace hire, utilities (aside from telephone prices), residential parking, furnishings rental, and different gadgets.

This deduction entails an interpretation of tax regulation. Do not strive it with out consulting a certified tax professional.

Mortgage Curiosity Deduction

Up to now, you can deduct curiosity on mortgage debt of as much as $1 million ($500,000 for married taxpayers submitting individually). This nonetheless applies to any mortgage originated on or earlier than Dec. 16, 2017. However should you originated a brand new mortgage after that date, the brand new restrict of $750,000 applies ($375,000 if married and submitting individually).

As a result of you possibly can solely take the mortgage curiosity deduction should you file Schedule A and itemize, the change doesn’t matter to individuals who take the usual deduction.

HELOC Curiosity Deduction

Beforehand, you can deduct curiosity on a house fairness mortgage and residential fairness line of credit score (HELOC) simply as you can with a mortgage, regardless of the way you used the cash. This deduction has gone away, at the least partly. Since 2018, you can’t deduct curiosity on these kind of loans besides beneath sure circumstances, even should you took out the mortgage earlier than that yr.

HELOC Curiosity

When you’ve got or take out a house fairness mortgage or line of credit score and use the cash to purchase, construct, or considerably enhance your primary or second dwelling, the curiosity should be deductible.

Notice that to take the deduction, the house fairness mortgage have to be on the property you might be renovating. You possibly can’t take out a house fairness mortgage in your metropolis condominium to finance fixing up your ski home. It’s also possible to refinance an present mortgage and deduct the curiosity, supplied the refinanced quantity is not larger than your outdated mortgage steadiness (in different phrases, supplied you aren’t taking any money out).

Mortgage Insurance coverage Deduction

Although it’s not particularly associated to the TCJA, the Schedule A deduction for mortgage insurance coverage premiums/personal mortgage insurance coverage (MIP/PMI) expired on the finish of 2017; nonetheless, a regulation signed on Dec. 20, 2019, prolonged the deduction by means of 2020. The deduction is claimed on Line 8d of Schedule A.

Casualty, Theft Deduction

The great Schedule A deduction for casualty and theft losses went away following the passage of the TCJA. Up to now, you can deduct losses associated to a catastrophe or theft to the extent that these losses weren’t coated by insurance coverage or catastrophe aid.

The deduction remains to be obtainable should you dwell in a federally designated catastrophe zone. Typically, these designations are made county by county, so even when the county subsequent to you is a federally declared catastrophe space, your county might not be.

Miscellaneous Itemized Deductions

Miscellaneous Schedule A itemized deductions topic to a 2% of AGI threshold went away in 2018. This consists of deductions within the following classes:

  • Unreimbursed Job Bills. These are work-related bills you paid out of your personal pocket and embrace journey, transportation, meals, union {and professional} dues, enterprise legal responsibility insurance coverage, depreciation on workplace gear, work-related training, dwelling workplace bills, prices of on the lookout for a brand new job, authorized charges, work garments, and uniforms. All of those are gone. Your finest recourse is to ask your employer to reimburse you for these bills. The reimbursement shall be tax-free. You might additionally ask for a pay increase, however that might be taxable.
  • Funding Bills. These are charges for funding recommendation or administration, tax or authorized recommendation, trustee charges (i.e., to handle IRAs or different investments), or rental charges for a secure deposit field. Though the gadgets above are now not deductible, should you borrow cash to purchase an funding, curiosity on that mortgage (referred to as funding curiosity) is deductible should you itemize. The deduction is restricted to the quantity of taxable funding revenue you earn for the yr.
  • Tax Preparation Charges. These embrace the price of tax preparation software program, hiring a tax skilled, or shopping for tax publications. Additionally gone are deductions for digital submitting charges and charges you pay to combat the IRS, together with legal professional charges, accounting charges, or charges you pay to contest a ruling or declare a refund. When you rent somebody to arrange each your private and enterprise taxes, ask for a separate invoice for every. Charges you pay to arrange what you are promoting return are absolutely deductible as a enterprise expense.
  • Passion Bills. These bills, as much as the quantity of revenue you earned every year, are now not deductible although you do should report (and pay taxes on) any revenue you earn out of your pastime. When you promote items associated to your pastime to clients, you possibly can deduct the price of these items when calculating hobby-related revenue.

Itemized Deductions Nonetheless Obtainable

Just a few miscellaneous itemized deductions stay after 2018:

  • Playing losses are nonetheless deductible beneath the TCJA as much as the quantity of your winnings for the yr. Playing losses usually are not topic to the two% restrict on miscellaneous itemized deductions.
  • Curiosity on scholar loans continues to be tax-deductible ($2,500 or the quantity of curiosity you pay through the yr—whichever is decrease) even should you don’t itemize deductions.
  • The $250 classroom trainer deduction for classroom lecturers remains to be in impact and obtainable, even when the trainer would not itemize.
  • The usual mileage fee deduction for Armed Forces members was 18 cents per mile in 2022. For charity, the speed is 14 cents.

Notice to Lecturers

Lecturers can nonetheless deduct unreimbursed academic bills as much as $250 per yr. Furthermore, these bills might embrace COVID-19 protecting gadgets bought since March 12, 2020, in keeping with new IRS steerage.

Enhancing Deductions

Together with the brand new commonplace deduction, a number of others are higher beneath the TCJA.

  • The property tax exemption is $12.06 million in 2022 and $12.92 million in 2023.
  • Pupil mortgage debt discharge on account of dying or incapacity has not been taxed since 2018. Beforehand, discharged debt on account of incapacity or dying was taxable to you or to your property.
  • Itemized AGI deductions are topic to no limitations due to the TCJA, though different limitations could also be imposed, relying on the deduction.
  • Charitable contributions now embrace greater restrict thresholds. Most presents by money or test might be as much as 60% of your AGI versus the earlier restrict of fifty%.

Did Federal Taxes Lower in 2022?

The federal tax brackets remained unchanged in 2022 (and in 2023) at 10%, 12%, 22%, 24%, 32%, 35%, and 37%. Revenue thresholds, nonetheless, change yearly. The revenue thresholds pattern upwards.

Is the TCJA Nonetheless in Impact?

Sure, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act remains to be in impact and can stay in impact until the tip of 2025, for almost all of the adjustments that had been enacted.

What Was the Tax Charge Earlier than the TCJA?

The TCJA modified the tax brackets and the revenue thresholds for brackets. For instance, if you’re now within the 12% tax bracket, earlier than you’d have been within the 15% tax bracket. If you’re now within the 22% tax bracket, you’d have been within the 25% tax bracket. If you’re now within the 24% tax bracket, you’d have been in both the 28% or 25% tax bracket, relying in your revenue.

The Backside Line

Whether or not deductions eradicated by the TCJA or different adjustments have a destructive impression on you is dependent upon your private monetary state of affairs and the categories and quantities of deductions you may have the ability to take. It is value noting that the adjustments applied by this laws are presently set to run out after Dec. 31, 2025, until Congress decides to increase them. The IRS’s Tax Reform: Fundamentals for People and Households publication gives extra data.

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