Samoan Tala (WST)

What Is the Samoan Tala (WST)?

The Samoan Tala (WST) is the nationwide foreign money of the Impartial State of Samoa, positioned among the many Polynesian islands east of Australia, and shouldn’t be confused with American Samoa. The WST, represented in writing utilizing the image WS$, SAT, ST, or T, subdivides into 100 sene. The phrase “tala” is the Samoan equal to the English phrase “greenback” and “sene” to the English phrase cents.

The Central Financial institution of Samoa is accountable for issuing and regulating the WST, managing the trade charge of the tala with foreign currency echange, and supervising business banks that deal within the cash.

The trade charge tends to carry comparatively regular, with the charges falling between $0.38 to $0.46 since 2010. As of December 2020, a tala was equal to $0.39 U.S. {dollars} (USD).

Key Takeaways

  • The Samoan Tala (WST) is the foreign money of Samoa.
  • It was launched in 1967, changing the New Zealand greenback (NZD).
  • The financial system of Samoa is predicated largely on providers comparable to tourism, in addition to commodity exports comparable to fish merchandise, fruit juices, and petroleum.

Understanding the WST

Earlier than gaining independence from New Zealand, Samoa used the banknotes of New Zealand. 5 years after receiving freedom, the Financial institution of Western Samoa issued the primary tala banknotes in 1967. The tala was pegged to the New Zealand greenback (NZD) at par till 1975 when it modified to drift primarily based on provide and demand.

In 1985, the Central Financial institution of Samoa changed the Financial institution of Western Samoa because the nation’s central financial institution. In 1990, the financial institution issued new 50 and 100 tala payments and discontinued the one tala be aware. As we speak, the WST’s banknotes characteristic important areas and icons from Samoan tradition. Examples embody the residence of Robert Louis Stevenson, a well-known Scottish writer who lived in Samoa; the headquarters of the Central Financial institution of Samoa; and the Samoan pigeon, the nation’s nationwide hen.

The nation circulates one and two tala cash and 10, 20, and 50 sene cash. In 2011, the Central Financial institution of Samoa reissued the coinage, minted by the Royal Australian Mint in Canberra, with new photos depicted. The cash are smaller than their predecessors and have new shapes to scale back the price of manufacturing. The commonest paper banknotes embody the 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 talas.

Actual World Instance of the WST

Like all nationwide currencies, the worth of the WST is in the end supported by the power of its financial system. Within the case of the WST, the financial system of Samoa is predicated primarily on the export of meals merchandise comparable to frozen fish, poultry, and fruit juices. 

Different commodities, comparable to petroleum oils, are additionally necessary exports for the island nation. The service sector generally, and tourism particularly, is a big contributor to Samoan gross home product (GDP) and is accountable for supplying roughly 50% of all jobs within the financial system.

The nation has skilled modest inflation in shopper costs in current years, ranging between -0.4% in 2014 and 0.98% in 2019. Unemployment, in the meantime, has held regular at round 8.5% lately.

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