HomeWorldNumber of right-wing extremist attacks increased significantly | Free press

Number of right-wing extremist attacks increased significantly | Free press

London (dpa) – According to an international study, far-right attacks have exploded in recent years.

In North America, Western Europe and Oceania, the number of these acts has increased 250 percent since 2014, the researchers of the annual Global Terrorism Index, presented by the Institute for Economics and Peace in London, found. For the fatalities, the increase was even more than 700 percent within five years.

There are more right-wing attacks now than at any time in the past 50 years, the researchers write. In 2019, a total of 89 people were killed in such acts.

“With the dawn of a new decade, we are seeing new terrorist threats. The rise of right-wing extremism in the west and the deterioration of the Sahel are important examples of this, ”said the institute’s director, Steve Killelea.

On the Islamic side, attacks are currently being seen by smaller groups sympathizing with the so-called Islamic State (IS) – such as in Sub-Saharan Africa, but also in Europe, such as the incidents in France and Austria.

In total, however, the number of deaths from terrorism has fallen for the fifth year in a row: in the past five years, this number has fallen by nearly 60 percent – in 2019, it was just under 14,000 deaths worldwide.

This was a decrease of 15 percent compared to last year. In addition, fewer and fewer countries are affected by terrorism at all: Last year, 63 countries had at least one terrorist attack – the lowest number since 2013.

The resilience of many highly developed Western societies has declined in recent years, the study authors write. The corona pandemic could amplify this trend and, given the uncertain economic outlook, could lead to further political instability. Measures should therefore be taken to deprive terrorist organizations of their media exposure and funding and to prevent people from becoming supporters of the movements.

Although the number of victims of Islamist terrorist attacks is still in the thousands, the authors of the study see a significant decrease. The influence and power of IS is steadily declining. According to the report, the death toll in 2019 was below 1000 for the first time since the terrorist militia became active. The organization responsible for most victims of terrorist attacks remains the Taliban – but here again the trend is downward.

Persistent crises and conflicts remain the main drivers of terrorism, according to the study. More than 96 percent of terrorist attacks took place in countries with persistent conflicts, such as Afghanistan, Syria, Nigeria, Somalia or Yemen.

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