Master Brand Definition


What Is a Grasp Model?

A grasp model is an overarching model title that serves as the primary anchoring level on which all underlying merchandise are primarily based. Grasp branding is likely one of the important tent-poles in branding structure that goals to hyperlink an organization’s product-lines with the important thing values the model represents.

Whereas particular person merchandise could have their very own names and model identities, the grasp model is instrumental in contributing to shopper beliefs that merchandise stand alone of their lessons. Virgin is one well-known grasp model instance.

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Key Takeaways

  • Grasp model is a enterprise time period used to explain a selected encompassing model title that serves as the primary anchoring level for all underlying merchandise and types.
  • Though particular person merchandise could carry their very own names, the grasp model is important in main customers to consider that merchandise stand alone of their classes. 
  • Within the follow of sub-branding, affiliated manufacturers have little in frequent with the grasp model title; for instance, the movie firm Touchstone Footage produces extra risqué movie titles than the child-friendly movies sometimes provided by its guardian firm, Disney.
  • A grasp model technique will help firms scale back promoting prices, take pleasure in elevated model consciousness for sub-brands, and switch model fairness to sub-brands.
  • Some drawbacks embrace dangers to diversification and the potential failure of sub-brands when the grasp model fails.

Understanding Grasp Manufacturers

A grasp model, in impact, creates a single company trademark for quite a lot of merchandise in a portfolio of choices. The intent is to hyperlink associates below the grasp model, although they could function independently and serve vastly completely different capabilities. If executed accurately, customers will readily establish related manufacturers with the qualities of the grasp model—even when solely on a unconscious stage.

In fact, this technique works greatest when the grasp model is regarded positively by customers, who consequently assume that there’s a consistency of high quality throughout all manufacturers and merchandise.

Grasp Model vs. Sub-Branding and Portfolio Branding

Grasp branding is a part of a branding structure panorama that additionally consists of sub-branding and portfolio branding. Sub-branding could also be described as affiliated manufacturers which have little in frequent with the grasp model.

For instance, Disney is understood for outputting extra child-friendly fare, whereas affiliated studio Touchstone Footage tends to supply extra risqué movie titles. In portfolio branding, a guardian firm incorporates a portfolio of manufacturers which can be stored separate and distinct. They might even intentionally compete with each other in order that the guardian entity is healthier capable of phase {the marketplace}. Procter & Gamble is especially well-known for strategically partaking in portfolio branding.

Intel Corp., one other prime instance of a grasp model, has a number of competing product choices below its banner. At one time, Intel provided a full vary of pc processors, akin to Pentium, Centrino, and Core Duo. Whereas every considered one of these merchandise affords a special stage of efficiency and sells at a special value level, it’s the Intel model that lets shopper consider that the chip she or he purchases could have the identical excessive stage of high quality as all different Intel merchandise—whatever the sub-brand.

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Grasp Model Benefits and Disadvantages


Grasp branding has a number of advantages, akin to rising model consciousness and decreasing promoting prices. It might facilitate buyer suggestions and model mergers and permit companies to create financial moats. Using an efficient grasp model technique may entice traders and provide chain companions who want to capitalize on the model’s success.

Beneath a standard promoting mannequin, firms promote their particular person manufacturers individually, specializing in the precise utility and high quality of that model. Firms can scale back promoting prices by using a single marketing campaign that promotes the grasp model throughout numerous media channels.

If prospects’ perceptions of the grasp model are constructive, they are going to doubtless have constructive associations with sub-brands. In consequence, sub-brands are awarded a aggressive benefit over rivals’ manufacturers, leading to elevated gross sales. As well as, when sub-brands fulfill different wants, firms typically notice elevated buyer loyalty and retention.


With grasp branding, an organization must be conscious that some enterprise or product traces could have distinctive advertising necessities or calls for that won’t match properly right into a single, inflexible branding structure. That is very true when the sub-brands and merchandise subscribe to a imaginative and prescient and mission counter to the grasp model.

Though grasp branding lets firms obtain larger economies of scale with their promoting campaigns, on the draw back, these initiatives are usually much less market-specific and fewer product-specific.

Grasp branding permits an organization to speak its imaginative and prescient and values in a single marketing campaign that encompasses all manufacturers. Nonetheless, below this technique, an organization could also be unable to efficiently diversify its choices. For instance, an organization that makes wholesome drinks and snacks may discover it troublesome to make use of a grasp model technique if eager to diversify its enterprise into spirits and libations. Launching merchandise misaligned with the grasp model could confuse and repeal present prospects.

The place a grasp model technique is sensible, firms ought to think about the dangers of grasp model failure. If the grasp model suffers a blow to its status, it might adversely have an effect on the status of subordinate manufacturers.


  • Diminished promoting prices

  • Elevated buyer loyalty

  • Elevated aggressive benefit

Methods to Create a Grasp-Model Technique

An organization can leverage the strong status and success of its flagship model to drive success for its different manufacturers. Beneath a single marketing campaign, it will possibly talk the values and strengths the grasp model is understood for, thereby making a protecting blanket for its subordinate manufacturers.

  1. To create a master-brand technique, establish your main mission and hone in on the grasp model’s values, strengths, and weaknesses. Specifically, concentrate on the strengths and values your prospects most recognize.
  2. Talk these values and strengths clearly and concisely in a marketing campaign that evokes a constructive emotional response. Remind your prospects why they belief your model.
  3. Personalize your message along with your prospects by way of numerous channels, and enlist your prospects to turn into a part of the marketing campaign. Model ambassadors are an efficient and cheap technique to promote and prolong the attain of manufacturers.
  4. Analyze the effectiveness of your technique, and make changes to promoting that doesn’t resonate with the audience.
  5. Proceed delivering the worth prospects count on, and stay true to the corporate’s mission.

Actual World Examples

Virgin: Grasp of Grasp Branding

The Virgin Group, based in 1970 by Richard Branson and the late Nik Powell, is a British conglomerate of greater than 200 manufacturers and 40 firms throughout 5 continents. All manufacturers don the Virgin title and subscribe to the identical objectives, values, and mission: to vary enterprise for good as a market disruptor with a spirit of entrepreneurship, innovation, and customer-centricity. The corporate stresses that “the spine of our model will at all times be our values.”

Starting as a report mail-order function in Branson’s Pupil journal in 1970, Virgin shortly expanded, first as a report store in 1971, second as a recording studio in 1972, after which as a music publishing firm in 1973. Inside a decade, Virgin expanded into air journey, gaming, e-book publishing, and different diversified manufacturers, all whereas remaining true to its grasp model aim.

Every model and firm carry the Virgin title adopted by the kind of services or products delivered. Nonetheless, the constant message for all is about delivering the most effective expertise and serving prospects.

What Is Model Structure?

Model structure is the way in which manufacturers, merchandise, and companies are structured inside a corporation. The structure organizes how manufacturers complement, are associated to, and differ from one another.

What Are the 4 Major Branding Methods?

Firms typically select a branding technique that may construct model consciousness and improve gross sales and favorability amongst prospects. There are various methods, however the most typical are:

  • Angle branding: branding that prompts an emotional response to attach the buyer to the model
  • Particular person branding: the branding of particular person merchandise or manufacturers to offer them a novel and separate identification from their grasp model
  • Firm title branding: branding that makes use of the power of an organization’s acknowledged title to advertise its merchandise, manufacturers, and companies. Particular person manufacturers could also be branded, however the firm title is related for recognition.
  • Model-extension: utilizing a longtime, respected model to advertise a brand new product or product line.