Jobs, Trade, and the Economy Explained

On Saturday, Nov. 7, 2020, The Related Press referred to as the presidential election for Joe Biden. He turned the official president-elect when the Electoral Faculty’s vote was licensed by Congress on Jan. 7, 2021, and he was sworn in because the forty sixth president of america on Jan. 20, 2021.

On Jan. 5, 2021, Georgians went to the polls to vote within the two runoff elections for his or her state’s U.S. senators. The election was of particular significance as a result of it decided who gained management of the Senate. Each Democratic candidates Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock received their races, handing management of the U.S. Senate to the Democratic Get together.

Key Takeaways

  • Joe Biden turned the official president-elect when the Electoral Faculty’s vote was licensed by Congress on Jan. 7, 2021, and he was sworn in because the forty sixth president of america on Jan. 20, 2021.
  • The Covid-19 disaster was ongoing when Biden turned president and was the core focus of the election and his administration. Important laws was handed each throughout and after Biden turned president to assist battle the pandemic and its fallout.
  • One of many key points for voters through the election was the coed mortgage debt disaster. In August 2022, Biden introduced debt reduction measures for eligible people.
  • Biden additionally proposed growing taxes on the rich and companies.
  • Different key problems with the 2020 election included healthcare, local weather change, commerce, and housing.


The COVID-19 disaster shook the U.S. economic system to its core, making the position of presidency within the economic system entrance and heart. Precisely how a lot accountability the U.S. authorities has to assist People damage by the pandemic, and whom to prioritize was an enormous bone of competition in creating the stimulus and reduction packages.

Stimulus Debate

Congressional Republicans largely pushed for extra help for companies, believing that shoring them up would assist folks by broadly strengthening the economic system and defending jobs. Congressional Democrats pushed for extra particular person help, reminiscent of elevated unemployment advantages, to make sure that households might afford day-to-day requirements and that shopper spending stayed robust.

One other main financial challenge at play was the position and goal of the Federal Reserve (Fed). The Fed launched a lot of new financial stimulus measures to attempt to stop the COVID-19 disaster from inflicting a liquidity disaster.

As well as, there was one empty area on the Federal Reserve Board. Then-President Donald Trump tried to nominate his nominee, Judy Shelton, to fill it earlier than Biden took workplace. Shelton believes in returning to the gold normal and, earlier than her present hearings, opposed the Federal Deposit Insurance coverage Company (FDIC). Each positions are far outdoors the bounds of standard financial coverage. Biden withdrew Shelton’s nomination after taking workplace.

Pupil Debt

Pupil mortgage debt was one of the vital points dealing with U.S. voters. Within the first quarter of 2020, round 45 million folks carried a complete of $1.54 trillion in such debt. Pupil debtors are graduating from faculty with a whopping $30,000 in debt, on common, which presents a serious impediment to beginning their postgraduate life on sound monetary footing.

This debt overhang has main implications for the housing market, upon which a lot of the U.S. economic system relies, and is a serious purpose for decrease charges of homeownership amongst millennials.

Presidential candidates, together with Senators Elizabeth Warren and Bernie Sanders, introduced plans for wiping out scholar mortgage debt solely. However they failed to achieve their occasion’s nomination.

$1.54 trillion

Whole scholar mortgage debt owed by People within the first quarter of 2020.

After taking workplace, Biden was obscure on what plans he had relating to scholar mortgage forgiveness, however he stated that canceling scholar mortgage debt does “determine in [his] plan.” In August 2022, Biden introduced broad scholar mortgage forgiveness.

The plan requires scholar mortgage debt cancellation of as much as $20,000 for Pell Grant recipients and $10,000 for non-Pell Grant recipients. To qualify, people should earn lower than $125,000 ($250,000 for {couples}).

Local weather Change

This is likely one of the most hotly debated matters in American politics and around the globe. Because the U.S. pulled out of the Paris Local weather Accord, Democratic candidates launched their very own local weather change coverage proposals all through the marketing campaign. The Biden-Harris administration proposed a $1.7 trillion inexperienced power plan over the following 4 years and pledged to rejoin the Paris Accord.


The U.S.-China commerce conflict dominated headlines throughout Trump’s administration. In his first two years as president, Trump pulled out of a number of commerce offers, launched a brand new commerce take care of Canada and Mexico, and levied lots of of billions of {dollars} in tariffs on Chinese language corporations.

The 12 months 2020 began with commerce tensions cooling off, as then-President Trump labored to finalize the USMCA commerce pact and appeared to have set in place Section 1 of his China commerce deal.

Trump threatened to put tariffs on Mexico within the lead-up to the USMCA, however he backed down after a public outcry. After the USMCA was finalized, he briefly levied tariffs on Canadian aluminum however backed down when the Canadians threatened retaliatory tariffs. So the North American commerce state of affairs largely cooled down.

Trump demanded that Chinese language agency Bytedance, proprietor of the TikTok app, promote its U.S. operations. He additionally banned the sale of electronics elements to Chinese language telecom agency Huawei, threatened to delist Chinese language corporations from U.S. inventory exchanges, and banned U.S. buyers from investing in corporations that he claimed had too many ties to the Chinese language navy.


The eviction moratorium and unemployment enlargement provisions of the Coronavirus Assist, Reduction, and Financial Safety (CARES) Act lapsed in late July 2020. Then-President Trump ordered the Division of the Treasury, the Division of Housing and City Growth, and the Federal Housing Financing Company (FHFA), which oversees Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, to search out methods to offer help to renters and owners to forestall eviction or foreclosures; nonetheless, these directions didn’t recommend any particular strategies or cures, nor have they but produced any concrete insurance policies.

The issue was so nice, and the cures so scarce, that the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC) needed to take the unprecedented step of utilizing its authority to challenge an eviction moratorium to cease the crowding and unfold of COVID-19 that evictions would trigger.

Contemplating that 31.5% of households in America pay greater than 30% of their revenue on housing, the usual definition for affordability, housing was more likely to be a big challenge through the election, even within the absence of the approaching eviction disaster.

Amongst different issues, then-presidential candidate Biden proposed a refundable, advanceable (paid on the time of utilization) tax credit score of as much as $15,000 to assist first-time homebuyers and absolutely funding the Part 8 voucher program in order that this system might serve greater than 25% of eligible households it served.

He additionally proposed reinstating the Affirmatively Furthering Honest Housing rule, which requires “communities receiving sure federal funding to proactively study housing patterns and determine and tackle insurance policies which have a discriminatory impact.”

That rule was meant to redress the long-lasting influence of discriminatory practices reminiscent of redlining, which excluded folks of coloration from buying homes in lots of suburbs all through the twentieth century.

This final challenge, specifically, has been taken up by Trump, who has falsely claimed that this can be a deliberate try by Biden to “abolish” suburbs and get rid of single-family zoning.


The U.S. spent way more per particular person than different nations on healthcare, whereas having decrease life expectancy and better charges of toddler mortality than most different wealthy nations.

Nonetheless, nobody might agree on what would repair our system. Then-President Trump and Congressional Republicans proposed the American Well being Care Act (AHCA) again in 2017, however it did not go.

However, Biden was trying to broaden on the Reasonably priced Care Act (ACA), which handed when he was vice chairman.


The common yearly value of healthcare per particular person in 2020.

After the election, the outcomes of vaccine testing started rising. On Nov. 9, 2020, Pfizer Inc. and BioNTech introduced that their vaccine, which they’re collectively growing, not solely labored however was 90% efficient. That effectiveness was considerably greater than anticipated. Moderna adopted up with early outcomes from its trials that discovered its vaccine was roughly 95% efficient and could possibly be saved at greater temperatures.

The wrestle remained to fabricate and distribute the large variety of these vaccines, each of which require some stage of chilly storage, each throughout the nation and around the globe.


Because the inventory market returned to report highs whereas the U.S. economic system was nonetheless deep in recession, the hole between the inventory market and the remainder of the economic system was as extensive, or wider, than ever.

As solely about half of People owned shares, that hole additionally elevated wealth and revenue inequality, additionally at near-record ranges.

With Securities and Trade Fee (SEC) Chairman Jay Clayton saying that he was stepping down on the finish of 2020, this gave President-elect Biden a chance to start selecting a alternative early. Biden nominated Gary Gensler to take over.


One of many largest (if not the most important) items of laws handed beneath then-President Trump was the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). The laws consisted of a big, everlasting tax lower for firms and non permanent cuts to particular person taxes that can expire in 2025.

These lower particular person taxes largely for higher-income People, however additionally they launched a minimum of some stage of tax cuts throughout the board. Traders had been an enormous winner of the tax cuts, as a lot of the company cash repatriated beneath the regulation went to share repurchases and dividends somewhat than to wage will increase or funding, mirroring the results of the repatriation vacation in 2004.

Then-presidential candidate Biden proposed a tax plan that might elevate taxes for rich People and tax long-term capital positive aspects on the identical price as regular revenue, going fully in the wrong way from Trump’s tax plan. Beneath President Biden, it’s possible that American tax coverage might see a shift.

Then-President Trump resisted releasing his tax returns to the general public, breaking with a presidential custom courting again to the Seventies. The New York Instances printed info from his tax returns beginning on Sept. 27, 2020.


With the 5 tech titans—Apple, Amazon, Meta (Fb), Microsoft, and Alphabet—making over 20% of the Normal & Poor’s (S&P) 500’s market capitalization, the outsized position that these corporations have in our nation would go on to grow to be a problem for President Biden.

Former President Trump lengthy railed towards giant tech corporations for what he perceived as a bias towards conservatives. These allegations had an impact when it was revealed that Fb stopped imposing its anti-fake-news insurance policies versus conservative shops.

That’s to not say that these tech giants hadn’t come beneath assault from Democrats. Many Democratic Get together politicians attacked these corporations for his or her sale of customers’ knowledge and use of company inversions to keep away from paying taxes. In a uncommon instance of bipartisanship, politicians from each side of the aisle accused many of those corporations of being monopolies and proposed that they be damaged up, like Normal Oil Belief of outdated.

Years are firm fiscal years.

This concept was strengthened by the investigation by the Federal Commerce Fee (FTC) into all 5 of those corporations and Microsoft, wanting into whether or not their acquisition methods had been anti-competitive.

Moreover, on Oct. 20, 2020, the Division of Justice (DOJ) filed an antitrust swimsuit towards Google over exclusivity offers that Google made with smartphone producers.

Whereas he has been obscure on the whole, President Biden made one particular assertion with regard to large tech. He has stated he needs to revoke Part 230 of the Communications Decency Act.

This provision stops Web platforms from being sued for what folks publish on their platforms. Biden argued that this enables corporations like Fb to casually revenue from permitting the unfold of harmful misinformation with no repercussions.

Why Is It Essential to Vote?

It is very important vote as a result of the residents of a nation are taking part within the total democratic course of and the way in which during which the nation strikes ahead and modifications. Residents vote to elect leaders that signify their concepts, objectives, and the modifications they want to see.

What Are A few of the Major Points That Face American Elections?

A few of the points that face American elections embody revenue inequality, abortion rights, racial inequality, training, scholar debt, healthcare, and taxation.

The Backside Line

The 2020 election was in contrast to many others earlier than because the nation was battling the Covid-19 pandemic and lots of People had been affected by the fallout. A lot of the election targeted on the way to deal with the pandemic and enhance upon what then President Trump had completed.

Apart from the pandemic, different key points for voters included the coed mortgage debt disaster, revenue inequality, the tax code, healthcare, and housing.

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