Canada vs. U.S. Tax Rates: Do Canadians Pay More?

A standard perception amongst many Canadians is that they pay extra in earnings tax than their American counterparts. Even politicians in Parliament have used this argument to press for decrease taxes. However is it actually true?

Key Takeaways

  • The IRS taxes the richest People at 37%, whereas the highest federal tax charge in Canada is 33%.
  • Rich People have entry to many tax deductions that Canada’s Various Minimal Tax doesn’t permit.
  • The mortgage curiosity deduction is touted as being an enormous profit to home-owning People. Nonetheless, should you make lower than $84,200 and don’t personal a house, you’ll most probably pay much less tax north of the border.
  • Within the U.S., some states levy no earnings tax whereas all Canadian provinces and territories accomplish that.
  • Canadians pay taxes for the healthcare companies they obtain; U.S. residents pay for healthcare with their very own funds or via a healthcare plan that they buy (though in addition they pay payroll taxes for the federal government program Medicare that kicks in at age 65).

Private Revenue Tax Information

Figuring out whether or not Canadians pay extra in taxes is extra complicated than you would possibly suppose. Statistics gathering companies in each nations publish averages of earnings taxes paid, however evaluating the 2 numbers is like evaluating the stats of a hockey participant with these of a basketball participant. The numbers are based mostly on completely different premises and embrace various factors.

Utilizing a median can also be problematic as excessive wealth inequality skews the info on each ends. Normally, lower-income Canadians pay much less in tax for the companies they obtain and wealthy People are higher off than wealthy Canadians. Here is a breakdown of the related tax elements and their contribution to the general tax story.

Federal Revenue Taxes

For tax yr 2022, U.S. federal earnings tax brackets vary from 10% to 37% for people. In Canada, for 2022, the vary is 15% to 33%. Within the U.S., the bottom tax bracket for the tax yr ending 2022 is 10% for a person incomes $10,275 or much less and jumps to 22% (after the 12% bracket) for these incomes over $41,775.* The corresponding backside Canadian bracket of 15% applies to earnings as much as $50,197 (in Canadian {dollars}).

*For 2023, these quantities will probably be $11,000 or much less (10% bracket) and over $44,725 (22% bracket).

State Versus Provincial Revenue Taxes

Evaluating state and provincial incomes taxes is a extra problematic endeavor. State taxation is totally outdoors of the federal tax system and every state has its personal tax legal guidelines concerning deductions and credit. Some states, like Florida and Alaska, haven’t any state earnings tax in any respect whereas all Canadian provinces and territories levy an earnings tax.

However in Canada, provincial earnings taxes (besides in Quebec) are coordinated with the federal tax system and are based mostly on a proportion of federal tax. Which means the provinces have the identical allowable deductions and earnings guidelines because the federal system. Every province additionally has further credit and incentives.

Unemployment Insurance coverage Premiums

Though not technically an earnings tax, Canadians pay Employment Insurance coverage (EI) premiums based mostly on their employment earnings. EI premiums for workers are 1.58% of gross employment earnings; employers pay 1.4 instances that quantity in 2022. In the US, the Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA) is levied completely on employers.

When wanting on the further tax on staff in Canada, it is vital to notice that Canada provides extra strong unemployment advantages together with prolonged being pregnant and different parental depart and paid break day for compassionate care.

Social Safety Versus Canada Pension Plan (CPP)

In the US, Social Safety advantages that kick in at retirement are paid out based mostly on what people have paid into the system all through their working lives. Canada has an identical system within the Canada Pension Plan (CPP).

In 2022, American staff pay 7.65% of their wages into social safety (6.2%) and Medicare (1.45%). Social safety premiums are capped at an earnings degree of $147,000 (for 2023, that cap is $160,200). Medicare premiums haven’t any cap. In Canada for 2022, staff pay 5.70% of gross employment earnings into CPP as much as $61,400. Medicare-style advantages are included as a part of the nation’s healthcare plan.

The Outdated Age Safety (OAS) program is Canada’s largest pension program, and it’s funded by common tax revenues. The OAS pension is taxable earnings obtainable to individuals age 65 and older who meet Canada’s authorized standing and residence necessities and do not exceed most earnings caps.


No dialogue of U.S. versus Canadian taxes can be full with out evaluating the healthcare programs in each nations. The earnings taxes that Canadians pay partially fund the nation’s socialized well being plan. Beneath this plan, everybody has equal entry to medical amenities, practitioners, and procedures at no further price. Within the U.S., healthcare have to be paid for out-of-pocket or via a medical insurance plan. Medicare within the U.S., which all People contribute to all through their working years, helps cowl healthcare prices as soon as individuals attain age 65.

Month-to-month premiums for these plans differ based mostly on a variety of components, together with which state you reside in, your age, and whether or not you’ve gotten employer protection. That stated, the common month-to-month premium for a 27-year-old in 2022 is $368, and $1,440 for a household of 4, not together with co-pays and deductibles. For plan yr 2023, these quantities will enhance to $382 and $1503, respectively.

What Are the Lowest Revenue Tax Brackets within the U.S. and Canada?

In 2022, within the U.S., the bottom tax bracket is 10% for earnings as much as $10,275. In Canada, it is 15% on the preliminary $50,197 (Canadian {dollars}).

How Does the Tax on Outdated Age Pensions Differ?

Whereas the programs provide comparable approaches—working individuals in each nations pay into retirement funds all through their working lives—the quantity they pay differs. Within the U.S., People pay a tax of seven.65% into Social Safety (and Medicare) on as much as $147,000 in earnings (in 2022). Canadians pay a tax of 5.70% on as much as $61,400 Canadian {dollars}.

Do Canadians Pay State as Properly as Federal Taxes?

Sure, though they are not known as states. Each Canadian territory and province levies earnings taxes. In such a case, they may doubtlessly pay extra in earnings taxes general than some People as a result of some U.S. states levy no earnings taxes. In 2022, these states are Wyoming, Texas, Tennessee, South Dakota, Nevada, Florida, Alaska.

The Backside Line

Evaluating earnings taxes in the US and Canada requires an evaluation of the advantages acquired for these taxes and some other out-of-pocket prices outdoors of taxes. Together with many different components, every taxpayer’s particular person state of affairs will help decide whether or not they can be financially higher off in a single nation or the opposite.

See also  Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Per State