Can a 70-Year-Old Open an IRA?

In accordance with the Inner Income Service (IRS), as of 2022, there is not any age restrict that restricts traders from contributing to a standard or Roth IRA. Nevertheless, whether or not or not you may open a person retirement account (IRA) or how a lot you may contribute relies on different eligibility necessities, akin to the necessity to have earned revenue. Furthermore, IRA age limits nonetheless have an effect on when distributions have to be taken from conventional IRAs.

Right here’s a fast have a look at the principle guidelines governing the 2 forms of IRAs.

Key Takeaways

  • There isn’t a age restriction for contributions to both Roth or particular person retirement accounts (IRAs).
  • Now you can make a contribution to conventional IRAs past the earlier age restrict of 70½ years, because of the Setting Each Neighborhood Up for Retirement Enhancement (SECURE) Act enacted in 2019.
  • The Inner Income Service (IRS) requires that you’ve earned revenue to be eligible to contribute to both kind of IRA.

Forms of IRAs

A conventional IRA permits traders to make a contribution, and also you obtain a tax deduction equal to the contribution quantity within the tax 12 months whenever you made it. In return, you pay revenue taxes in your withdrawals or distributions in retirement.

A Roth IRA doesn’t present a tax deduction for contributions. Nevertheless, any cash withdrawn after the age of 59½ is tax free, which means no revenue taxes are utilized to your withdrawals.

You will have 15 months by which to make a contribution for any explicit 12 months—sometimes from Jan. 1 to April 15 (or the tax submitting deadline for that 12 months) of the next 12 months—and the Inner Income Service (IRS) lets you put your cash in a variety of investments, together with shares, bonds, mutual funds, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs).

Nevertheless, there are particular guidelines and restrictions, together with contribution limits and revenue necessities.

Your Age

As already talked about, there isn’t a age restriction to open or make a contribution to Roth and conventional IRAs. There’s additionally no age restriction in case you are establishing a brand new IRA to which you’ll switch or roll over belongings from one other IRA or eligible retirement plan, akin to an employer-sponsored plan like a 401(okay).

Till pretty just lately, there have been age restrictions for contributions to conventional IRAs, however that modified on account of the U.S. Congress passing the Setting Each Neighborhood Up for Retirement Enhancement (SECURE) Act in 2019. Beforehand, you had been solely allowed to make common contributions in the event you had not reached age 70½ within the 12 months whenever you made the contribution.

The utmost quantity that you’re allowed to contribute—your contribution restrict—to both a standard or Roth IRA for tax 12 months 2022 is $7,000 in the event you’re age 50 or older—$6,000 plus a $1,000 catch-up contribution (rising to $7,500 in 2023—$6,500 plus a $1,000 catch-up contribution).

The annual 2022 contribution restrict of $6,000 or $7,000 in case you are age 50 or older is for all of your IRAs mixed, Roth and conventional, not per account. In 2023, the mixed restrict for all of your IRAs mixed rises to $6,500 or $7,500 in case you are age 50 or older.


For each forms of IRAs, you have to have earned revenue, or what the IRS calls “taxable compensation,” to contribute. That features wages and salaries, commissions, self-employment revenue, alimony, and separate upkeep and nontaxable fight pay. What doesn’t depend are earnings and income from property, curiosity and dividend revenue, pension or annuity revenue, deferred compensation, and revenue from sure partnerships.

If you happen to earn lower than $7,000 in 2022 (or $7,500 in 2023), you may solely contribute as a lot as you make. So in the event you solely make $5,000 one 12 months, that’s the most which you could contribute.

Within the case of a Roth IRA, your tax submitting standing and a excessive revenue may curtail your contribution. For instance, in 2022, single filers should have a modified adjusted gross revenue (MAGI) of not more than $144,000 ($153,000 in 2023) to be eligible to contribute the total quantity. Contributions start phasing out beginning with a MAGI of $129,000 ($138,000 in 2023).

Tax Deduction

The tax deduction for contributions to conventional IRAs can differ, relying on sure circumstances. If a retirement plan at work covers you or your partner, you might not be allowed to deduct any or your whole contribution out of your taxes. Nevertheless, your revenue is a key determinant, as is your tax submitting standing, akin to married submitting collectively, single, widow(er), or married submitting individually.

Nevertheless, in the event you and your partner will not be coated by a plan at work, and your tax submitting standing is single, married submitting collectively, or married submitting individually, you may take the total tax deduction no matter your revenue.

You need to take required minimal distribution (RMDs) from a standard IRA beginning at age 72, however Roth IRAs will not be topic to the identical RMD guidelines.

Is There an Age Restrict for Particular person Retirement Account (IRA) Contributions?

You may open or contribute to a person retirement account (IRA) at any age, however you have to have what the Inner Income Service (IRS) considers earned revenue. If you happen to earn lower than the annual contribution restrict, you may solely contribute as a lot as you make for that 12 months.

What Does the IRS Contemplate Earned Revenue?

Wage, wages, commissions, suggestions, bonuses, self-employment revenue, taxable non-tuition, stipend funds, and nontaxable fight pay are thought of earned revenue by the IRS. Taxable alimony and separate upkeep funds for divorce or separation decrees that had been executed on or earlier than Dec. 31, 2018, additionally depend as earned revenue.

When Do I Have to Take Required Minimal Distributions (RMDs)?

You need to begin withdrawing a required minimal distribution (RMD) out of your tax-deferred retirement accounts, akin to a standard IRA or 401(okay) plan, whenever you flip age 72. Roth IRAs will not be topic to RMD guidelines, however Roth 401(okay)s are until you might be nonetheless employed on the firm that sponsors the plan.

The Backside Line

You may open and contribute to an IRA at any age so long as you might have earned revenue. If you happen to earn an excessive amount of, your contributions to a Roth IRA are lowered or eradicated. If you happen to or a partner contribute to an employer’s retirement plan, you might not be allowed to deduct some or your whole contribution to a standard IRA.

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